End Animal Cloning
Just because we can, doesn't mean we should.

Frequently Asked Questions
Click on a questions to get the answer.

1. What is cloning?
2. Why do researchers want to clone animals?
3. What are the problems with animal cloning?
4. What is the difference between cloning and other reproductive technologies already in use?
5. Are food products from cloned animals already on the market?
6. Would food from cloned animals or their offspring be labeled?
7. Have any other countries approved animal cloning?
8. What is AAVS doing to end animal cloning?
9. What can I do to help?
[1] Campbell, K.H., McWhir, J., Ritchie, W.A., and Wilmut, I. (1996). Sheep cloned by nuclear transfer from a cultured cell line. Nature, 380, 64-66.

[2] Ortegon, H., Betts, D.H., Lin, L., Coppola, G., Perrault, S.D., Blondin, P., et al. (2007). Genomic stability and physiological assessments of live offspring sired by a bull clone, Starbuck II. Theriogenology, 67(1), 116-126.

[3] Paterson, L. (2002). Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (Cloning) Efficiency. Retrieved Oct. 2006, from http://www.roslin.ac.uk/downloads/webtablesGR.pdf

[4] Vajta, G. and Gjerris, M. (2006). Science and Technology of Farm Animal Cloning: State of the art. Animal Reproduction Science, 923-4), 211-230.

[5] Paterson, L. (2002). "Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (Cloning) Efficiency." Roslin Institute.

[6] Wilmut, I., et al. (2002). Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer. Nature, 419, 583-587.

[7] Progress After Dolly (2006). Roslin Institute.

[8] Jaenisch, R. (2004). Human Cloning—The Science and Ethics of Nuclear Transplantation. New England Journal of Medicine, 351, 2787-2791.

[9] Vajta and Gjerris (2006). See note 4.

[10] Paterson, L., et al. (2003). Application of Reproductive Biotechnology in Animals: Implications and potentials. Animal Reproduction Science, 79(3-4), 137-143.

[11] Turner, J. (2002). The Gene and the Stable Door: A Report for the Compassion in World Farming Trust.

[12] FDA Press Release (2003, Oct. 31). FDA Issues Draft Executive Summary of its Assessment of Safety of Animal Cloning; Current Voluntary Moratorium on Releasing Animal Clones Remains in Effect.

[13] FDA Press Release (2008, Jan. 15). FDA Issues Documents on the Safety of Food from Animal Clones

[14] Knight, B. (2008, Jan. 15). Statement by Bruce Knight, Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs on FDA Risk Assessment on Animal Clones.

[15] Public Sentiment About Genetically Modified Food (2005). Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology Survey Results.

[16] European Food Safety Authority (2008). Draft Scientific Opinion on Food Safety, Animal Health and Welfare and Environmental Impact of Animals derived from Cloning by Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT) and their Offspring and Products Obtained from those Animals.

[17] The European Group on Ethics in Science and New Technologies to the European Commission (2008). Opinion No. 23 Ethical aspects of animal cloning for food supply.

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